Textes de HORSTMANSHOFF, Manfred HFJ

The four seasons of the human life : four anonymous engravings from the Trent Collection
Rotterdam : Erasmus Publishing ; Durham (N.C.) : Duke University, 2002. 109 p.
Edited with translation and full commentary by H.F.J. Horstmanshoff, A.M. Luyendijk-Elshout, F. G. Schlesinger... [et al.] The Trent Collection at Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, U.S.A., holds four, probably unique, copperplate engravings, each associated with a season and concerned with morality and with scientific matters from a variety of disciplines : medicine, astronomy, astrology, meteorology, alchemy. The texts, allegories, prints and symbols present a fascinating cross section of the history of medicine and science up to the 17th century. The plates contain as many as twelve layers, which can be folded back to reveal underlying illustrations. Each print has at its center two human figures, standing between two trees. The first print, VER (Spring), shows a fetus, a seven month old baby, a child aged three, and a boy fourteen years of age. In AESTAS (Summer) a man and a woman are holding a urinal. In AUTUMNUS (Fall) the couple seems to be in the prime of life; the emphasis is on sexual vigor and fertility. In HYEMS (Winter) the man has turned his back towards the viewer, and the woman is stepping into the grave. Each print contains an astrological arch, with the signs of the zodiac, astrological-medical and meteorological data, in addition to maps or charts. Two aspectuaria and a horoscope illustrate the Fall of life: AUTUMNUS. There are also urinals in each print, which refer to hermetic symbolism. A rich background with birds, various flowers of the season, human figures and villages, can be found in all four prints, which also contain pennants, banderoles and inscribed leaves with moral proverbs and Hippocratic texts, as well as other classical texts, all in Latin translation. Some text is in Greek. The plates are of unknown origin and date. The many references to hermetic medicine and the dominant idea of the symbolism of the Macrocosmos/Microcosmos may lead to the conclusion that the design was meant for a person of high birth, as was fashionable in Europe during the 16th and 17th century. Unsolved, however, remain the questions: Who was this person? And especially: Who made the engravings? Who is stepping into the open grave? The possibility also remains that we are dealing with popular prints, once widely spread. Internal evidence that the copperplates are worn out points in this direction.

Cote BIU Santé : 10.443

Méd. temps modernes : anatomie, Méd. temps modernes : alchimie / chimie

fiche entrée le 29/08/2002

Blood, sweat and tears : the changing concepts of physiology from antiquity into early modern Europe / ed. by Manfred Horstmanshoff, Helen King and Claus Zittel.
Leiden : Brill, 2012. - . - 1 vol. (XXVI-772 p.) : ill., front. ; 25 cm. - (Intersections, ISSN 1568-1811 ; vol. 25) . - Textes issus du colloque tenu du 15 au 18 avril 2009 à Wassenaar (Pays Bas). - Notes bibliogr. Index ISBN 978-90-04-22918-1
HORSTMANSHOFF, Manfred HFJ, KING, Helen, Zittel, Claude

Cote BIU Santé : 197498

Méd. temps modernes : physiologie

fiche entrée le 22/11/2013

“This I Suffered in the Short Space of my Life”. The Epitaph for Lucius Minicius Anthimianus (CIG 3272; Peek GV 1166)
Publié dans : PETRIDOU Georgia, THUMIGER Chiara, "Homo patiens".. Approaches to the patient in the ancient world, Leiden, Boston, Brill, 548 p.. Pages : 23-80
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Cote BIU Santé : 133418-45

Méd. ancienne : médecine grecque et romaine

fiche entrée le 02/12/2016