Dépouillement de Medicina nei secoli

vol 11(1), 1999 - Cote BIU Santé Médecine : 96.633

ROSELLI, Amneris. Suida ed Eustasio su Ippocrate, Epidemie VI 4.18 : Hydor boron kai agrypnie boron

An Hippocratic aphorism from Epidemics VI 4.18 quoted in two Byzantine scholarly works testify the wide influence of alexandrian commentaries on this difficult treatise in Byzantine cultivated society

FORTUNA, Stefania. I procedimenti anatomici e la traduzione latina di Demetrio Calcondila

The Anatomical Procedures is Galen's most complete treatise on anatomy, which the Western culture came to know only in the Renaissance. Its first Latin translation was made by Demetrius Chalcondylas (1423-1511). He was a teacher of some translators of the ancient Greek physicians, and an owner of many Greek medical manuscripts. The translation by Chalcondylas was revised and published by Berengario da Carpi in 1529, and was reprinted only once, in 1531. Its philological analysis proves that it depends on a Greek manuscript, a copy of Par. Gr. 1849, which is now lost. The humanist physician Nicolo Leoniceno knew the translation by Chalcondylas before it was published, for he quoted it in his Apologia printed in 1522. Therefore, this translation circulated as a manuscript, which was so far ignored.

MENGHI, Martino. Erotic temperance : fortune and developement of an epicurian suggestion in the imperial roman age

The purpose of this writing is to follow the course of an idea, namely that of erotic temperance, which the Epicureans most probably derived as a corollary of their originary ethics. It was during the imperial Roman age that such an idea met a certain audience for different reasons, two of which at least cannot remain unnnoticed. The first reason was the theoretical and clinic support given to this idea by such Epicurean oriented physicians as Rufus and Soranus, and by Areteus ; the other one should have been the meeting of the notion of erotic temperance with such ethical principles as the moderation, the control of the passions, the impassibility of man towards life events, and a new vision the relationship between husband and wife, which entered into the pattern of the gentleman's behaviour during the imperial age contributing to the starting of a new ethics. But, if erotic temperance represented on the one hand an ideal for the cultivated class of Roman imperial society, it was on the other perceived as a scrupulously observed realty by Germans, and as one of the principal reasons of their physical and moral energy. Futhermore, the ideal of a severe erotic control of the early Christians offer precise evidence, will represent an important ground of agreement for theirs and contemporary pagan ethics.

GAZZANIGA, Valentina, SERARCANGELI, Carla. Surgical Roman instruments in the Museum of history of medicine of the University of Rome " La Sapienza "

The Museum of history of medicine at the University of Rome " La Sapienza " keeps numerous Roman surgical instruments, dating from the 1st century A.D. This article offers a short review of the critical literature existing on the topic, together with a temporary catalogue of the instruments.